Basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine’s Utilization of Pulse-taking, Auricular Points, Palm Diagnosis, and the Visual Inspection of the Body’s Appearances
Although diverse in its applications, the underlying principle of Traditional Chinese Medicine’s diagnostic methods of pulse-taking, auricular points, palm diagnosis, and visual inspection of the body’s appearances can be summarized in the bio-holographic theory developed by Professor Yingqing Zhang of the University of Shangdong in 1986.
The bio-holographic theory is both a modern-day paradigm in the field of biology and a new diagnostic and treatment technique, with characteristics such as simplicity, ease of use, wide range of application, accuracy in diagnosis, etc.
Dr. Zhang believes that there exist holistic and corresponding relationships between an organism and the individual organs, tissues, etc. making up the organism. These relationships not only manifest at the physical structural level, but also on a wide range of biological characteristics, such as physiological, pathological, biochemical, and genetical aspects.
Practical examples of this bio-holographic imagery theory include the pulse diagnosis of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and other diagnostics methods of observing or palpating the second metacarpal bones, the ears, the nose, the hand, the foot, and the face, since each of these parts of the body can be considered as a microcosm of the entire human body.
For example, pulse diagnosis has been used by practitioners of Traditional Chinese Medicine for thousands of years. These practitioners have long realized that the patterns of the pulses at several points of the body (including the wrist) can reflect the physiological and pathological conditions of the internal organs. These practitioners therefore leverage the knowledge of these pulse patterns to make diagnoses.
Another example of the bio-holographic theory is the field of auriculotherapy. In 1957, a French surgeon by the name of Dr. Paul Nogier published a detailed chart of auricular points, resembling the image of a upside-down embryo, in a German acupuncture periodical. Since then, this chart has been widely applied in clinical treatments.
Other examples of the bio-holographic theory include diagnosis by observing the patient’s palms and the diagnosis and therapy by palpating and massaging the soles of the feet (foot reflexology). Palm diagnosis was studied relatively early in the Western world. In 1892, Francis Galton published “Finger Prints,” documenting evidence of how genetics affects the development of the grain patterns of the skin. On the other hand, Chinese foot reflexology was introduced to Europe as early as the middle of the sixteenth century. In 1917, based on the foundation of Chinese foot reflexology, British physician Dr. Fitzgerald created his unique “foot reflex therapy” and published the book, “Zone Therapy.” Later in the 1970s, Father Josef Eugster further promoted the knowledge and treatments of reflexology.
Based on comprehensive observations and holistic considerations, Traditional Chinese Medicine’s diagnosis and treatments of diseases are therefore effective and safe.